Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003198
Title: Prevalence of gingival recession in smokers and non-smokers - A cross-sectional study
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: Gingival recession is associated with oral exposure of the root surface due to a displacement of the gingival margin apical to the cementoenamel junction. Recession defects are one of the most common findings in periodontal problems affecting individuals of almost all ages to some degree. Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for periodontitis that affects the prevalence, extent, and severity of disease. The aim of this study is to assess whether smoking has an impact on gingival recession. Materials and Methods: Twenty-seven smokers and 21 non-smokers who reported to outpatient were examined and their periodontal status is estimated using a pro forma containing patient details, their chief complaint, smoking habits, loss of attachment, and probing depth with a column for patient consent. Results: According to data analysis, smokers group had a mean gingival recession of 25%, whereas non-smokers had 13%. P = 0.009 was obtained by unpaired independent sample t-test and it shows that the results obtained in this study were statistically significant. Conclusion: Based on the results found in this study, we conclude that smoking has its own effects on periodontium. However, further, researches should be conducted to establish the harmful effects of smoking on gingiva, thereby enhancing tobacco cessation to prevent further complications.

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    Author(s) Name:

    S. Nandhana1 , Deepa Gurunathan2 *, M. Thamaraiselvan3

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Undergraduate Student, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    3 Department of Periodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Deepa Gurunathan, Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    S. Nandhana1 , Deepa Gurunathan2 *, M. Thamaraiselvan3

    Title:Prevalence of gingival recession in smokers and non-smokers - A cross-sectional study
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (February)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (380-383)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:A cross-sectional study
    Research Materials:smokers and non-smokers

Keywords

Gingival recession Marginal gingiva Periodontitis Pockets Root exposure

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