Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003319
Title: A review of perioperative corticosteroid use in oral and maxillofacial surgery
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Review Article
  • Abstract
  • Audio Abstract
  • Authors
  • Pdf File
  • Citation
  • My Reference
  • Methodology
  • Abstract

    Aim: Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are often recommended to use corticosteroids during and after third molar extraction and other dentoalveolar surgical procedures to reduce postsurgical edema, but recommendations are rarely accompanied by the guidance regarding the type of steroid, dosage, or duration of administration. Materials and Methods: A systematic search of the literature was made. The primary predictor variable was CS administration, and the outcome variables were edema, pain, and infection. A meta-analysis was performed. The risk of other side effects was evaluated through a simple review. Results: Recent data suggest that perioperative corticosteroid regimens should be administered in higher doses and for longer durations than recommended in the past and should be started before surgery for optimum benefit. Conclusions: Based on literature review, interim recommendations for the use of corticosteroids are proposed, including dosages and regimens that appear rational for oral, intramuscular, or intravenous corticosteroid administration before and after extractions and other dentoalveolar surgery. These largely empiric recommendations might require adjustment when evidence-based data become available in future studies. There is a great need for well-designed clinical research to further evaluate protocols for corticosteroid use.

  • Abstract Audio

    No Audio file found

  • About the authors and Affiliations

    Author(s) Name:

    S. Bavana Sri 1 , R. Sarah Sathiyawathie1 *, Deepa Gurunathan2

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Research, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. R. Sarah Sathiyawathie, Department of Research, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai–600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • View Article File in pdf format.

    Article File
  • View Article Citation Here.

    0 View More
  • How to Cite my Article.

    Author:

    S. Bavana Sri 1 , R. Sarah Sathiyawathie1 *, Deepa Gurunathan2

    Title:A review of perioperative corticosteroid use in oral and maxillofacial surgery
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (March)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (611-613)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Pre-operative, Surgery, Use
    Research Materials:Corticosteroids

Keywords

Corticosteroids Oral Pre-operative Surgery Use

Our Services

Most Downloaded List