Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003628
Title: Awareness of gestational diabetes and its risk factors among pregnant women in Thiruvallur district
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: India has the largest diabetes population in the world and has been named the diabetes capital of the world. One of the subtypes of diabetes is the Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), the prevalence of which is constantly increasing. GDM is a result of glucose tolerance in the body that is first detected during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in the Thiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu. The questionnaire was designed to collect information on demographic details such as the age, education, occupation, followed by questions which was mainly focused on the general awareness of DM and GDM, the risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and consequences of GDM. The source of knowledge of pregnant women was thus obtained. Result: The study shows that majority of the pregnant women, who took up the survey belonged to the age group of 20-30 years, majority of them belonging to a middle class economic families. It was found that among the 50 pregnant women that were surveyed, only 41.7% of the pregnant women were aware of GDM and also that GDM can occur for the first time during pregnancy. Overall, from this study, it was found that majority of the pregnant women in the Thiruvallur district were completely unaware of GDM and its risk factors. Conclusion: In the present day scenario, mass media plays a major role in enlightening people. It’s unfortunate that , the education of the pregnant women by the health workers is far less. It’s important for the doctors to educate and enlighten the women about GDM and its risk factors which could pose a potential threat to the fetus if left undiagnosed and untreated. Therefore, it’s necessary to spread awareness among the pregnant women in the rural as well as the urban areas to prevent complications.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Keerthana Baskar1 , V. Vishnu Priya2 , R. Gayathri 2 *

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Biochemistry, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Biochemistry, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: V. Vishnu Priya, Department of Biochemistry, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India

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    Author:

    Keerthana Baskar1 , V. Vishnu Priya2 , R. Gayathri 2 *

    Title:Awareness of gestational diabetes and its risk factors among pregnant women in Thiruvallur district
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):11 (June )
    Year:2019
    Page No: (1486-1489)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Gestational diabetes,questionnaire based survey, Awareness
    Research Materials:Pregnant women

Keywords

Gestational diabetes thiruvallur pregnant women

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