Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003630
Title: Preference of antibiotics in pediatric dentistry
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Aim: This study aims to estimate the preference of antibiotics in pediatric dentistry. Introduction: Antibiotics are prescribed for oral conditions related to endodontic, oral surgical, and periodontal manifestations. Unwarranted use of antibiotics is reported in children, mostly for ear and dental infections. However, in children, increasing microbial resistance to antibiotics is a well-documented and is a serious global health concern. Antibiotic resistance is due to inappropriate use of antibiotics by clinicians. Materials and Methods: A set of questionnaire was framed and the survey was conducted among 85 dentists. This was done using Survey Planet. The answers given by dentists were studied and the use of antibiotics in pediatric dental practice was determined and the results were statistically analyzed. Results: There are many circumstances during dental treatment where antibiotics are prescribed by dentists to prevent further infection. When dentists were asked about whether they prescribe antibiotics to their pediatric patients, about 69.4% of them prescribed antibiotics and about 31.6% of them were not prescribing any kind of antibiotics for their pediatric patients. Amoxicillin is one of the most prescribed antibiotics in the field of dentistry. About 17.5% of dentists preferred amoxicillin as antibiotic to their pediatric patients. The most commonly used antibiotic in dental practice, penicillins, in general, were found to be the most commonly prescribed antibiotics by dentists, the most popular one being amoxicillin (24,25). About 13.1% of dentists prescribed penicillin as antibiotics. About 52.9% of dentists were unaware of the new generation of antibiotics and about 67.1% of dentists did not do any kind of antibiotic sensitivity test before prescribing antibiotics. Conclusion: Appropriate and correct use of antibiotics is essential to ensure that effective and safe treatment is available. Practices that may enhance microbial resistance should be avoided. To improve standards of care, dentists need to be up-to-date in their knowledge of pharmacology in dental education.

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    Author(s) Name:

    R. Inchara, Dhanraj Ganapathy, P. Kiran Kumar*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. P. Kiran Kumar, Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee, High Road, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    R. Inchara, Dhanraj Ganapathy, P. Kiran Kumar*

    Title:Preference of antibiotics in pediatric dentistry
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):11 (June )
    Year:2019
    Page No: (1495-1498)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:questionnaire based study, Antibiotics prophylaxis, Treatment
    Research Materials:85 dentists

Keywords

Pediatric dentistry Antibiotics prophylaxis Treatment

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