Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00003857
Title: Evaluation of pulmonary function test on auto drivers
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: Air pollution is widespread where vehicles are the major contributor. One such people who are exposed to air pollution are auto drivers. Their lung function is measured using the spirometer. Measurements include forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), VC, peak expiratory flow, maximal mid-expiratory flow curve, and forced expiratory flow rate (25–75%). Background and Reason: Air pollution is widespread where vehicles are the major contributor. One such people who are exposed to air pollution are auto drivers. Their lung function is measured using the spirometer. Measurements include FVC, FEV1, VC, peak expiratory flow, maximal mid-expiratory flow curve, and forced expiratory flow rate (25–75%). Long-term exposure to traffic air pollution is associated with a decrease in lung function and an increase in respiratory disorders. Traffic air pollution includes a list of pollutants but the major being particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, ozone, lead, and carbon monoxide (CO). Drivers who spend 10 h daily in traffic pollution are at higher risk of restrictive lung disorders. Long-term exposure to ozone produces mainly pulmonary fibrosis, which could be associated with a decrease in FVC and FEV1. CO is one of the most air pollutants and has been associated with lung diseases. The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of restrictive lung diseases amongst the open cabin auto rickshaw drivers. Materials and Methods: A total of 40 members of auto drivers were chosen in Chennai city. Data collection and analysis were done over a period of 2 months from November to December 40s male auto rickshaw drivers working for a minimum of 6 h per day in the Chennai Metropolitan Area were selected. Various auto rickshaw stands in Chennai were approached for obtaining 40 auto rickshaw drivers for selection criteria. Results: The study shows the mean FVC of the group I is (2.94 ± 0.58 L) when compared with the mean FVC of the group II (3.27 ± 0.33 L) showed highly significant reduction value of about (P < 0.01). The mean FEV1 recorded in Group I was 2.67 ± 0.51 L which showed statistically significant reduction, but for P < 0.05 as compared to control group whose mean FEV1 was 2.91 ± 0.34 L, however, the FEV1/FVC % did not show statistically significant. Conclusion: The findings of the study show that air pollution has an adverse effect on the ventilatory lung function on chronic long-term exposure to air pollution with the prevalence of the restrictive type of lung disorder. Although some of the parameters were significantly altered in some subjects, suggesting a restrictive type of disorder were apparently asymptomatic.

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    Author(s) Name:

    V. Mathivadani, A. Jothi Priya*, R. Gayatri Devi

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Physiology, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Mrs. A. Jothi Priya, Department of Physiology, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    V. Mathivadani, A. Jothi Priya*, R. Gayatri Devi

    Title:Evaluation of pulmonary function test on auto drivers
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):11 (August)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (1894-1897)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Pollution, Pulmonary function test, Spirometer
    Research Materials:Auto drivers

Keywords

Auto drivers Pollution Pulmonary function test Spirometer Traffic

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