Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00004066
Title: Prevalence of morphological variation of condyle in patients undergoing routine dental treatment – A retrospective orthopantomographic study
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Aim: The present study aims to assess the various shapes of the condylar heads using orthopantomography (OPG). Introduction: An OPG is taken when the clinician suggests some type of bone pathology; therefore, a thorough knowledge of the anatomy of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is necessary to conclude at a proper diagnosis. It is often assumed that the normal condylar head should have a convex shape throughout and that symmetry should exist in the contralateral side. There are different shapes of the condyles such as oval, bird beak, diamond, and crooked finger. As the early diagnosis and treatment of TMJ disorders are essential, the present study was conducted to investigate various shapes of condyle based on OPG. Materials and Methods: The present study comprised radiographic evaluation of 400 condylar heads after visualizing 200 digital OPGs taken from a routine investigation. The study includes condylar heads that are visualized clearly of radiographs taken in population ranging from age 18 to 45 years old. Patients with TMJ problem and those patients undergoing orthodontic treatment are excluded from the study. Results: The most common shape seen among the subjects were oval followed by bird beak, diamond, and crooked finger: (1) Oval (63%), (2) bird beak (22%), (3) diamond (12%), and (4) crooked finger (3%). The most common shape observed among both male and female was found to be oval where the former had 67% and latter had 33%. Conclusion: Cost-effectiveness and low radiation exposure make OPG a common option of the imaging prescription. Condylar evaluation is been a keen interest to the dentists all over the world to make fine observations. This can gain more interest in the field of forensics.

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    Author(s) Name:

    M. Ashfaq Ahmed, Nandhini Subramaniam*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Nandhini Subramaniam, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    M. Ashfaq Ahmed, Nandhini Subramaniam*

    Title:Prevalence of morphological variation of condyle in patients undergoing routine dental treatment – A retrospective orthopantomographic study
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (September )
    Year:2019
    Page No: (1973-1976)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Low radiation, Orthopantomography
    Research Materials:18 to 45 years old

Keywords

Condyle Cost effective Low radiation Orthopantomography Oval

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