Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00004077
Title: Morphological and morphometrical analysis of fibula in relation to fibular facet
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: The fibula bone is also known as the calf bone, which was introduced into anatomical nomenclature by Vesalius during the 16th century. Fibula is a slender lateral bone of the leg, the fibula is identified by a proximal head, with a twisted shaft and a distal lateral malleolus. The lower ends of the bone fibula and tibia form an anatomic and functional unit. In view of the widespread clinical relevance, the purpose of this study was to investigate the morphology and morphometric analysis of the human fibula bone in relation to fibular incisura within South Indian population group. Materials and Methods: In the present study, a total of 30 dry human fibula bones of unknown sex and without any gross abnormality will be collected from the Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, for evaluation. With the help of Vernier caliper and ruler, the measurements such as the length, breadth, and diameter of the orbital cavity will be measured. The maximum orbital length and the maximal orbital breadth are measured to calculate the orbital index. The results obtained were analyzed, tabulated, and represented graphically. Results: After analyzing the data we come to know that diameter from upper and lower articulating facet seems to lie between 2 cm and 2.5 cm and height of lateral malleolus tend to be between 2.5 cm and 3 cm in the analyzed dry bone. About 50% of the bone sample contains nutrient foramen at inferior one-third, 40% contain at superior one-third, and only 10% contain nutrient foramen at the middle one-third. Conclusion: Because this study documented several locations of the nutrient foramen within the fibular shaft, along with the diameter of superior articulating facet, diameter of inferior articulating facet, and height of lateral malleolus it may lead to the development of a simple classification scheme providing appropriate sites for the harvesting of grafts.

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    Author(s) Name:

    P. Santhanam, Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj, Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    P. Santhanam, Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj*

    Title:Morphological and morphometrical analysis of fibula in relation to fibular facet
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (September )
    Year:2019
    Page No: (2009-2012)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Morphological and morphometrical analysis
    Research Materials:Bone, Fibula, Insura

Keywords

Bone Fibula Insura Morphology Osteometry

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