Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00004135
Title: Morphological and morphometrical analysis of the sacroiliac joint with respect to sacral hiatus
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: According to human anatomy, the sacrum is a large bone that is triangular situated at the base of the spine. The sacrum is a complex structure that provides support for the spine and provides accommodation for the spinal nerves. The sacrum articulates with four bones such as it articulates with the last lumbar vertebra above, the coccyx below, and the ilium portion of the hip bones on either side. Sacral hiatus (SH) is an opening that is located inferior to the 4th or 3rd fused sacral spines or lower end of median sacral crest. Materials and Methods: In the present study, a total of 70 dry human sacrum bones of unknown sex and without any gross abnormality will be collected from the Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, for evaluation. With the help of Vernier caliper and ruler, the measurements such as the length, breadth, and diameter of SH will be measured. The results obtained were analyzed, tabulated, and represented graphically. Results: Average diameter of auricular surface of sacrum on the right side was 43.52 ± 1.91 mm and on the left side was 44.25 ± 2.63 mm in males. Average diameter of auricular surface of sacrum on the right and left side was 46.27 ± 2.73 mm and 46.9 ± 1.58 mm, respectively, in females. Mean length of SH was 27.22 ± 4.13 mm. Mean breadth was 9.17 ± 2.65 mm. Mean depth was 4.36 ± 1.57 mm. Conclusion: There have been numerous studies linked to the reliability of sex estimation through the quantitative assessments of sexual dimorphic traits of the sacrum. With the sacrum being designated as a portion of the pelvic girdle, which is a known reliable and frequently used means of estimating sex, the sacrum’s location and function do imply that it may be also used in sex estimation.

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    Author(s) Name:

    A. Alagu Rathi Bharathi, Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj, Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    A. Alagu Rathi Bharathi, Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj*

    Title:Morphological and morphometrical analysis of the sacroiliac joint with respect to sacral hiatus
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):11 (October )
    Year:2019
    Page No: (2462-2465)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Sacral hiatus, Sacrum, Sex determination, Sexual dimorphism
    Research Materials:Morphometry

Keywords

Morphometry Sacral hiatus Sacrum Sex determination Sexual dimorphism

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