Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00004137
Title: Determination of sex using os coxae in relation to ischial tuberosity – A morphometric study
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: Sex determination of an unidentified individual is one of the main objectives when human skeletal remains are found, both in forensic investigation and archaeological studies. The distinctive morphology of the human hip bone and its clear sexual dimorphism build it of interest from anatomical, social science, and rhetorical points of analysis. Determination of biological sex is one of the most important determinations to be made from undocumented human remains which this study is aimed for. Materials and Methods: In the present study, a total of 30 dry human pelvic bones of unknown sex and without any gross abnormality will be collected from the Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, for evaluation. With the help of Vernier caliper and ruler, the measurements such as minimum iliac breadth (MIB), maximum auricular length (MAL), and maximum ischiopubic length (MIPL) are measured. The results obtained were analyzed, tabulated, and represented graphically. Results: The average of MIB in male was found to be 57.61 ± 2.11 mm and in female was found to be 53.45 ± 3.14 mm. The MAL in male was 53.71 ± 1.67 mm and 49.16 ± 2.82 mm in females. The MIPL in male and female was 113.23 ± 4.89 mm and 107.2 ± 7.63 mm, respectively. Conclusion: The chances of attaining high levels of accuracy and reliability regarding sex identification are related to the skeletal components analyzed and the ability of techniques utilized to analyze shape and size differences among the sexes. The current opinion regards the os coxae or hip bone as the most reliable sex indicator because it is the most dimorphic bone, particularly in adult individuals.

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    Author(s) Name:

    M. Shruthi, Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj, Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    M. Shruthi, Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj*

    Title:Determination of sex using os coxae in relation to ischial tuberosity – A morphometric study
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):11 (October )
    Year:2019
    Page No: (2469-2472)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:A morphometric study
    Research Materials: 30 dry human pelvic bones

Keywords

Archaeology Forensic investigation Ischial tuberosity Os coxae Pelvic bone Sex determination

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