Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00004231
Title: Assessment of knowledge and attitude of dental undergraduate students about antibiotic prophylaxis
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Background: Antibiotic prophylaxis refers to the administration of antimicrobials in situations where there is no actual infection, but where there is risk of infection is substantially high. The major objective of antibiotic prophylaxis is to prevent the development of systemic and local infection complications. Severe underlying diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cancer, and their treatment have been shown to predispose the patient to odontogenic infections. Manipulation of infected oral tissues such as calculus removal and tooth extraction is known to cause bacteremia. Aim: This study aims to assess the knowledge among dental students about the antibiotic prophylaxis in dentistry. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 questionnaires were distributed among dental undergraduate students and they were made to answer 10 questions regarding knowledge, awareness, attitude, and barriers toward the evidence-based dental practice. The recorded responses were then statistically analyzed. Results: All the participants were responded that they are aware of the antibiotic treatment. Over 95% of the participants were aware of the drugs used during antibiotic prophylaxis. About 80% of the part responded that it is necessary for hypertensive patient to undergo antibiotic prophylaxis before undergoing any dental treatment. Among 100 participants, 60% of them answered that amoxicillin is an alternative drug used for patients who are allergic to penicillin. Conclusion: Every dental undergraduate student should have enough knowledge of antibiotic prophylaxis to provide effective treatment. Recommendations on antibiotic prescribing are essential to prevent overprescribing of antibiotic. The prescription of antibiotics should be considered adjunctive to the dental treatment.

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    Author(s) Name:

    M. Oviya, M. P. Santhosh Kumar, Dhanraj Ganapathy*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dhanraj Ganapathy, Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    M. Oviya, M. P. Santhosh Kumar, Dhanraj Ganapathy*

    Title:Assessment of knowledge and attitude of dental undergraduate students about antibiotic prophylaxis
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (October)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (2303-2306)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Assessment of knowledge and attitude, antibiotic prophylaxis
    Research Materials:undergraduate students

Keywords

Antibiotic prophylaxis Antibiotic resistance Bacteremia Contamination Diabetes

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