Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00004240
Title: A research survey on correlation between obesity and periodontitis
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: Obesity is characterized by the abnormal or excessive deposition of fat in the adipose tissue. Besides being a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, certain cancers, and Type II diabetes, obesity has been suggested to be a risk factor for periodontitis. A number of epidemiological studies have studied the association between obesity and periodontitis. The aim of this study was to determine the association between patients affected with periodontitis, patients with healthy gingiva, and patients affected with obesity. Aim: The aim of this study is to know whether there is any correlation between periodontitis and obesity. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the association between obesity and periodontitis and to correlate the risk factors, to assess obesity and periodontitis parameters, to compare periodontitis using three signs, namely probing depth, clinical attachment loss, and gingival index, and to evaluate the relationship among four groups of study, namely Group 1: Obesity and periodontitis, Group 2: Obesity without periodontitis, Group 3: Periodontitis without obesity, and Group 4: Control group of healthy individuals. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients attending the Outpatient Department of Saveetha Dental College, where 100 patients were randomly selected and were categorized into four groups, namely periodontitis group, periodontitis and obesity, and obesity group, and a control group. Periodontitis was assessed based on pocket depth, attachment loss, and mobility. Obesity was assessed based on the body mass index. Now, both periodontitis and obesity were correlated using Peirson analysis and the results were tabulated. Results: The study showed positive results where the mean and standard deviation of probing depth and attachment loss in obesity and periodontitis group were 5.1177; 0.8345 and 2.677; and 3.075, respectively, which were much higher than that of periodontitis without obesity group which were only 2.634; 2.349 and 2.971; and 3.432, respectively. Conclusion: Thus, the data suggest that obesity is associated with periodontitis. Obese individuals might be at risk for initiation and progression of periodontitis.

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    Author(s) Name:

    N. S. Harini, M. Sankari*

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Periodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. M. Sankari, Department of Periodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai – 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    N. S. Harini, M. Sankari*

    Title:A research survey on correlation between obesity and periodontitis
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (October)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (2343-2348)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:A research survey, Attachment loss, Body mass index
    Research Materials:obesity and periodontitis

Keywords

Attachment loss Body mass index Height Obesity Periodontitis Pocket depth Weight

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