Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P col-00004261
Title: Assessment of reproductive health status of adolescent girls of urban slums in Raipur city of India
Category: Pharmaceutics
Section: Research Article
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    Background: Reproductive health is burning topic in today’s world. It actually marks the future population quality of a nation. The adolescents of present are the parents of future and mark the nation’s growth and development. In this context, girls are given more importance as they are the future mothers and health status of a mother marks the health status of a child and thereafter the health status of the community or region as a whole. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess menstrual hygiene status in adolescent girls, to assess the knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene, family planning, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and to assess teenage pregnancy and abortion in adolescent girls of urban slums. Materials and Methods: Study design – A cross-sectional study done in the year 2004. Sample Size: The sample size was 4000 adolescent girls’. Inclusion criteria – Girls of the age group of 10–19 years residing in urban slums were in the study. Sampling Method: Cluster sampling method to choose clusters 40 slums from list of 215 slums in Raipur city, 100 subjects were selected by house-to-house survey from each slum. Material – Predesigned and pretested questionnaire. Analysis – Proportion analysis. Results: Out of total, 76.2% of respondents had already attained menarche and 69.4% of respondents used unhygienic cloth. Awareness of FP method and family life education was good, i.e., 60.8% were aware and about 56.7% preferred IUD as ideal family planning method for spacing. Knowledge of STDs and AIDS was present in 43.6% of respondents. Total conception was 17.1%. Of total conceptions, 56.4% were successful deliveries with live births and 2.7% were stillbirth and 40.9% are abortions. Conclusion: In any community mothers and children constitute a priority group, as they are a vulnerable and special risk group. As adolescents girls are the future homemakers and mothers, their reproductive health is of great concern for the better shape of the future of society and in turn the nation.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Rashmi Gour*, N. K. Gandhi, G. P. Soni

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    Department of Community Medicine, Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Memorial Medical College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Rashmi Gour, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai - 600 044, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Rashmi Gour*, N. K. Gandhi, G. P. Soni

    Title:Assessment of reproductive health status of adolescent girls of urban slums in Raipur city of India
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (October)
    Year:2019
    Page No: (2428-2431)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Family planning, Menstrual hygiene, Teenage pregnancy and abortion
    Research Materials: adolescent girls

Keywords

Family planning Menstrual hygiene Teenage pregnancy and abortion

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