Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-MSNS-00004384
Title: Microbiological profile with antibiotic resistance pattern in patients of pneumonia in Iraq
Category: Microbiological Study (on Natural/ Synthetic drug)
Section: Research Article
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    Background: Pneumonia is the most serious infectious disease. It is broadly defined as an infection of the lung parenchyma and is clinically divided into community-acquired pneumonia and nosocomial pneumonia. In general, bacteria are the etiology of pneumonia; however, the microbial pattern, the antimicrobial sensitivity, and emerging resistant pattern differ from place to another one. The major bacteria isolated in pneumonia disease are Klebsiella pneumonia, Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenza, and Staphylococcus aureus, particularly in association with influenza virus infection. Methodology: One hundred and thirty-three isolated bacteria of pneumonia disease were collected from the Teaching Laboratory of Baghdad Medical City, Al-Zafrania hospital and General Hospital Salah Al-Deen in Baghdad and Salah Al-Deen, Iraq, from May 2017 to January 2018. Bacterial isolated had been identified according to the microscopic, biochemical tests, and cultural characteristics. Later, an antimicrobial sensitivity test was done to these bacterial isolates. Results: Of 133 bacterial isolates from pneumonia patients, 72 (54%) of the cases were K. pneumonia, 35 (26%) were S. pneumonia, and 26 (20%) were Moraxella catarrhalis bacteria. Conclusion: Bacteriological profile is important to determine empiric treatment for pneumonia disease. K. pneumonia showed higher susceptibility to imipenem and higher resistance to piperacillin; S. pneumonia showed high susceptibility to vancomycin and high resistance to erythromycin; and M. catarrhalis showed higher susceptibility to cefo and higher resistance to erythromycin. Empirical antibiotic therapy can help to decrease mortality and improve the recovery of the disease.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Ahmed Issa Jaaffar1 *, Sumayah Al-Mahmood1 , Raghad Khwater Maeh2 , Marwayasir Alyasiry3

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Basic Sciences, College of Dentistry, Al-Iraqia University, Baghdad, Iraq,

    2 Department of Applied Sciences, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq,

    3 Al-Zafrania Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq

    *Corresponding author: Ahmed Issa Jaaffar, Department of Basic Sciences, College of Dentistry, Al-Iraqia University, Baghdad, Iraq

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    Author:

    Ahmed Issa Jaaffar1 *, Sumayah Al-Mahmood1 , Raghad Khwater Maeh2 , Marwayasir Alyasiry3

    Title:Microbiological profile with antibiotic resistance pattern in patients of pneumonia in Iraq
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):11 (November )
    Year:2019
    Page No: (2913-2916)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Microbiological profile
    Research Materials: antibiotic, patients of pneumonia

Keywords

Antibiotic resistant Bacteriological profile Pneumonia

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