Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00004531
Title: Effect of aroma on pain perception and anxiety levels in patients undergoing fixed prosthetic dental treatment in dental clinic – A prospective study
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Introduction: There is a remarkable increase in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) evidenced around the globe. Aromatherapy is a commonly used CAM and one of the non-pharmacological strategies that have long been regarded as a popular means of treatment for anxiety. Dental procedures frequently evoke considerable degrees of anxiety, especially when preceded by anxious waiting in the dental clinic and lack of information on the dental procedures. Although studies are being conducted for the use of aromatherapy in alleviating anxiety in health-care setting, further research is required in the same lines to substantiate the existing evidence. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of aromatherapy on pain perception and anxiety levels in patients undergoing fixed prosthetic dental treatment. Materials and Methods: We included 20 patients between the ages of 25 and 55 years in our study. The participants were assigned to either a control group or to a test group. Ambient odor of lemongrass oil was diffused in the operating cubicle and was maintained through a candle warmer made of ceramic, for the test group. The participants were requested to fill the demographic details. Patients were asked to score their levels of pain using visual analog scale (VAS) after the dental appointment. The patients were also assessed for anxiety levels preoperatively as well as postoperatively, using State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The data were tabulated and statistically analyzed. Results: The results were statistically analyzed and interpreted. VAS scores were collected in the form of pictorial response and then graded into ranks. Since the data were non-parametric, Mann–Whitney U-test was performed and it showed a statistically significant difference between the test and control groups (P < 0.05). According to the anxiety scores, the data were ranked and Wilcoxon signed-rank test was performed. The test showed post-operative anxiety scores less than pre-operative, which was statistically significant. Conclusion: This study concluded aromatherapy with lemongrass oil showed statistically significant effectiveness on pain perception and anxiety levels in patients undergoing fixed prosthetic dental treatment.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Vaishnavi Rajaraman1 , Deepak Nallaswamy2 , Dhanraj Ganapathy1 *, Shubha3

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dhanraj Ganapathy, Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Velappanchavadi, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Vaishnavi Rajaraman1 , Deepak Nallaswamy2 , Dhanraj Ganapathy1 *, Shubha3

    Title:Effect of aroma on pain perception and anxiety levels in patients undergoing fixed prosthetic dental treatment in dental clinic – A prospective study
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):11 (December [ Special Issue 2])
    Year:2019
    Page No: (94-97)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Anxiety, Aromatherapy,Pain perception, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Visual analog scale
    Research Materials:Lemongrass oil

Keywords

Anxiety Aromatherapy Lemongrass oil Pain perception State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Visual analog scale

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