Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-Pcol-00004651
Title: Determination of sex by measuring mastoid process
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Background: Determination of sex is an essential criterion, for the identification of an individual. In a number of civil and criminal matters, identification of the individual, either living or dead, is needed. The anatomical and medical features are the two major characters to constitute the identity. The establishment of identity is required from fresh intact corpses, decomposed corpses, mutilated and dismembered corpses, or skeletonized material. Aim: The aim of the research was to measure the height and width of mastoid process and distance between the asterion to tip of the mastoid process for the determination of sex. Objective: In this research, the measuring of height, width of mastoid process, and distance between the asterion to tip of the mastoid process in the dry skulls of South Indian adults were focused. The measurement of mastoid process will differ in male and female. Since it is different, the measurement is useful in anthropology and also in forensic studies. Materials and Methods: The collection of 30 human dry skulls and measuring the height, length, and width of mastoid process for the sex determination. Determining the sex of human skeletal remains using the skull is important to the disciplines of human osteology, forensic anthropology, paleopathology, and paleodemography for examination and diagnosis. Results: Thirty skulls are used for this study. In that, 14 skulls are identified as female skull and remaining 16 skulls are identified as male skulls by measuring the area of a mastoid triangle using heron’s formula. The mastoid process is lengthier in males than in females. Conclusion: Sex could be determined very well from the cranium using Anthropometry. Parameters like mastoid process length can be used as a good index for the determination of sex. From the present study conducted on 30 dry skulls, it is concluded that mastoid length is a reliable indicator for sexual dimorphism in mastoid process of skulls. The result of this study offers a good opportunity to identify sex using the mastoid process. The length of the mastoid process is higher in males than females.

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    Author(s) Name:

    D. Madhumathi 1 , M. S. Thenmozhi 1 , Deepa Gurunathan2 *, R. Vignesh 2

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    2 Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Deepa Gurunathan, Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, 162, Poonamallee High Road, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    D. Madhumathi 1 , M. S. Thenmozhi 1 , Deepa Gurunathan2 *, R. Vignesh 2

    Title:Determination of sex by measuring mastoid process
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):12 (November [ Special Issue 1])
    Year:2019
    Page No: (159-161)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology: Asterion, Forensic studies, Heron’s formula, Mastoidale, Mastoid process, Mastoid triangle, Porion, Sex differentiation
    Research Materials: dry skulls of South Indian adults

Keywords

Asterion Forensic studies Heron’s formula Mastoidale Mastoid process Mastoid triangle Porion Sex differentiation

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