Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-MSNS-00005084
Title: Occurrence, morphological, and molecular characteristics of Trichophyton erinacei in Iraq
Category: Microbiological Study (on Natural/ Synthetic drug)
Section: Research Article
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    Background: Dermatophyte infections are caused by Trichophyton erinacei, which has been isolated from hedgehogs on numerous occasions. Although a variety of animal infections of this fungus have been observed in different countries, the pathogen has rarely been isolated from humans. Aim: This research was conducted to characterize the zoonotic isolate of T. erinacei through culture and molecular methods. Materials and Methods: An experiment was carried out on the different types of tinea identified on patients attending the Dermatology Unit at Al-Hussein Hospital in the holy city of Kerbala during the period from February to November 2018. Results: Based on clinical diagnoses and culture characteristics, the pathogen observed in tinea manuum, tinea faciei, and tinea corporis was identified as tinea erinaceid. The culture characteristics revealed white/cottony irregular colonies with septated elongated macroconidia and numerous pear-shaped microconidia attached along the side of the hyphae. This discovery was verified by sequencing the inner translated fungal nuclear ribosomal DNA spacers utilizing the inner translated spacer (ITS) 1-ITS4 universal primers. The fungus was recorded in the National Center for Biotechnology Information Center under entry number MK167440. The genetic tree of the fungus T. erinacei was shown to be related to the following global strains: The Netherlands (MH865913.1) and 96%, German (NKU257463.1) 88%, French (DQ786689.1) 88%, Iranian (1) KP789451, and Estonian (KC833522.1) 82%. Conclusions: This is the first report on T. erinacei tinea manuum infection in the Kerbala Province and, as far as is known, in the country of Iraq.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Nadia N. H. AL Masaoodi 1 , Ban Taha Mohammed1 , Jawad K. Abood Al-Janabi 2 *

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Biology, Pure Science College, University of Kerbala, Iraq,

    2 Department of Pathological Analysis Techniques, AL-Mustaqbal University College, Hilla, Iraq

    *Corresponding author: Jawad K. Abood Al-Janabi, Department of Pathological Analysis Techniques, AL-Mustaqbal University College, Hilla, Iraq.

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    Author:

    Nadia N. H. AL Masaoodi 1 , Ban Taha Mohammed1 , Jawad K. Abood Al-Janabi 2 *

    Title:Occurrence, morphological, and molecular characteristics of Trichophyton erinacei in Iraq
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):14 (March)
    Year:2020
    Page No: (120-127)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Molecular identification, Morphological features
    Research Materials:Dermatophytes

Keywords

Dermatophytes Molecular identification Morphological features Trichophyton erinacei

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