Journal: Drug Invention Today

Article Id: JPRS-P'Col-00005390
Title: Risk factors and protective factors of mental health during coronavirus disease-19 outbreak and lockdown in adult Indian population – A cross-sectional study
Category: Pharmacology
Section: Research Article
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    Background: The novel coronavirus (CoV) has derailed the entire world and various steps have been taken by the health authorities to tackle this pandemic. Nationwide lockdown has been imposed to control the spread of CoVs disease (COVID-19) outbreak in India, which could have psychological impact on the population. Aim: Our study aims to study the effect of the COVID-19 outbreak and subsequent lockdown on mental health status of adult Indian population along with identifying the high-risk groups. Methodology: An online survey was conducted during the 3rd phase of lockdown gathering details about sociodemographic variables, practice of precautionary measures, awareness and concerns regarding COVID-19, and mental health status of the participants through Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 questionnaire from 873 adults. Results: The prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress was 18.56%, 25.66%, and 21.99%, respectively, including higher number of participants with mild depression (15.1%) and stress (14.5%) and moderate anxiety (16.3%). Female gender, age <25 years, unemployment, self-business, employed in private sector, lack of formal education, larger household size, and parenthood (>2 kids) were associated with increased likelihood of negative mental health. Confidence in physician’s ability to diagnose COVID-19 infection, decreased self-perceived likelihood of contracting COVID-19, lesser frequency of checking for information on COVID-19, and satisfaction of information received were protective against negative mental health. Conclusion: This landmark study identified the protective and risk factors of mental health during COVID-19 pandemic, to help authorities and mental health workers to strategize and deliver interventional methods to maintain psychosocial well- being of the population.

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    Author(s) Name:

    Saikarthik Jayakumar1 , Saraswathi Ilango2 *, Siva Thirusangu3

    Affiliation(s) Name:

    1 Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Saudi Arabia,

    2 Department of Physiology, Madha Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

    3 Department of Research and Development, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Saraswathi Ilango, Department of Physiology, Madha Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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    Author:

    Saikarthik Jayakumar1 , Saraswathi Ilango2 *, Siva Thirusangu3

    Title:Risk factors and protective factors of mental health during coronavirus disease-19 outbreak and lockdown in adult Indian population – A cross-sectional study
    Journal:Drug Invention Today
    Vol(issue):13 (June )
    Year:2020
    Page No: (1287-1299)
  • Experimental Methods Keywords

    Methodology:Anxiety, Coronavirus disease-19, Depression,Mental health, Protective factors, Risk factors, Stress
    Research Materials: adult Indian population

Keywords

Anxiety Coronavirus disease-19 Depression India Lockdown Mental health Protective factors Risk factors Stress

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